Interpersonal Skills

Knowing what to say and how to say it can be one of the most difficult skills to master when working with individuals experiencing altered mental states. Many caregivers provide care to family members who have physical and mental conditions. At times, their family member may display symptoms of depression, threats of suicide, extreme fears that prevent normal activities, and severe anxiety that can be almost as incapacitating. In addition, many encounter situations where family members experience hallucinations or delusions. They see, hear or believe things that are not real to anyone except their family member who strongly believes them to be right in the room with them.
For caregivers, these situations are more than just difficult; they are frightening and can be dangerous to the safety of the caregiver and family member if not handled correctly. “Interpersonal Skills” provides insights into some of the more common mental health conditions as background information plus gives examples of ways to handle some of the more difficult situations caregivers might encounter.

Dementia and Memory Loss

Dementia is the broad term used to describe all the diseases and conditions associated with memory disorders. It may affect any age group but is more common in the elderly, which is where it is often mistaken for senility. In addition, trauma, stroke, and medical conditions like infection or drug reactions, can lead to Dementia, …

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 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder   Behaviors Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a problem of not being able to focus (inattentiveness), being overactive (hyperactivity), not being able to control behavior (impulsivity), or a combination of these beyond the normal age-ability of the individual. It affects both children and adults and is on the increase. Treatment Treatment …

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Schizophrenia is a conduct disorder exhibiting conflicting behaviors that can become aggressive or bazaar. Often the person feels unable to control his emotions or behaviors as if someone else has his power.


 Schizophrenia Behaviors Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness, though not common, and is well known due to its aggressive and bazaar exhibitions of behavior at times. A person with Schizophrenia cannot control their emotions or behaviors as if someone else has power over their body. To make matters worse, they often experience hallucinations and delusions, …

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Conduct Disorders Primarily Affecting Children

Conduct Disorders Primarily Affecting Children   Conduct Disorder Behaviors Conduct disorders that primarily affect children fall under category one.  One of those conditions is actually called Conduct Disorders. Children who demonstrate behaviors like the following that diagnosis.  act aggressively toward other people or animals (i.e., bullying, threatening behaviors, violence, using weapons, animal cruelty, forced sexual …

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Understanding Autistic Behavior

What Type of Social Situations Cause Problems for Individuals with Autism? Understanding autistic behavior requires insight into the challenges they face dealing with social interactions. Social issues are one of the most common symptoms in all types of ASD. People with ASD do not have just social “difficulties” like shyness. The social issues they have …

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Child psychologist showing happy and sad emotion faces cards to child with autism spectrum disorder. Caregivers spend a lot of time in appointments.

Autism Treatment Options

Autism Treatment Options   There are many different types of treatments available. For example, auditory training, discrete trial training, vitamin therapy, anti-yeast therapy, facilitated communication, music therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and sensory integration. The different types of treatments can generally be broken down into the following categories: Behavior and Communication Approaches Dietary Approaches Medication …

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Mental Health Stigma

Mental Health Problems Misunderstood by Public The public often misunderstands the nature of mental illness due to the lack of information shared on the subject by the psychiatric community. An individual with psychological “problems” lived on society’s fringe for decades and continues to do so today. They are an invisible group except for the caregivers …

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Children with Learning Disorders Struggle to Learn in One or More Areas

Difficulty in One Area of Learning   Learning Disorders fall under intellectual disabilities as a subgroup. Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of learning. The learning limitation, however, has no impact on overall intelligence or motivation to learn. Examples of common learning disorders include: Dyslexia – …

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Children with disabilities qualify for Medicaid quicker than adults because they usually do not have income or assets that limit direct access.

Intellectual Disabilities Struggle with Learning and Communication

Intellectual Disabilities Struggle with Learning and Communication   An injury, disease, or problem in the brain occurring before birth or after birth up to eighteen usually causes intellectual disabilities. Individuals with intellectual disabilities struggle when trying to learn new things or communicate their thoughts or needs. Broad Spectrum of Disabilities Just as communication and learning …

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Language and Speech Disorders in Children

Children Mimic Speech  Children learn language by mimicking what they hear. They pick up language skills best during their early childhood years before age five when their brains grow the most. Parents can help their children learn language skills by Mimicking the baby’s first sounds and gestures back to it helps the baby learn how …

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