Interpersonal Skills

Knowing what to say and how to say it can be one of the most difficult skills to master when working with individuals experiencing altered mental states. Many caregivers provide care to family members who have physical and mental conditions. At times, their family member may display symptoms of depression, threats of suicide, extreme fears that prevent normal activities, and severe anxiety that can be almost as incapacitating. In addition, many encounter situations where family members experience hallucinations or delusions. They see, hear or believe things that are not real to anyone except their family member who strongly believes them to be right in the room with them.
For caregivers, these situations are more than just difficult; they are frightening and can be dangerous to the safety of the caregiver and family member if not handled correctly. “Interpersonal Skills” provides insights into some of the more common mental health conditions as background information plus gives examples of ways to handle some of the more difficult situations caregivers might encounter.

Individuals with dissociative disorders escape from what is real into what is unreal as a means of survival. Victims of trauma and abuse use if as a self preservation technique.

Memory Loss – Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative Disorder    Dissociative Disorder is another type of memory disorder that develops as a defense mechanism following some serious trauma. An individual may attempt to escape from the reality of ongoing abuse, violent attacks, disasters, or combat by mentally disconnecting their thoughts, identity, consciousness, or memories from what is real to what is not […]

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Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease

Dementias The term, “Dementia,” often receives the blame for any type of condition associated with memory impairment. However, problems with memory can stem from trauma, stroke, amnesia, drug interactions, and many medical conditions unrelated to dementia or age-related senility. Furthermore, most people believe that dementia and senility are the same thing, but they’re not. Senility

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 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder   Behaviors   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects the regulation of a particular set of brain functions and their related behaviors. Some of the behaviors typically associated with this disorder include not being able to focus (inattentiveness) or concentrate, difficulty remembering things, lacking motivation, and effort

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Schizophrenia is a conduct disorder exhibiting conflicting behaviors that can become aggressive or bazaar. Often the person feels unable to control his emotions or behaviors as if someone else has his power.


 Schizophrenia Behaviors Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness, though not common, and is well known due to its aggressive and bazaar exhibitions of behavior at times. A person with Schizophrenia cannot control their emotions or behaviors as if someone else has power over their body. To make matters worse, they often experience hallucinations and delusions,

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Conduct Disorders Primarily Affecting Children

Conduct Disorders Affecting Children and Teens   What is Conduct Disorder? Conduct disorder is a mental health condition primarily affecting children and teenagers.  The children diagnosed with this condition seem to enjoy hurting others and doing bad things.  They tend to exhibit many of the following behaviors: Act aggressively toward other people or animals (i.e.,

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Understanding Autistic Behavior

What Type of Social Situations Cause Problems for Individuals with Autism? Understanding autistic behavior requires insight into the challenges they face dealing with social interactions. Social issues are one of the most common symptoms in all types of ASD. People with ASD do not have just social “difficulties” like shyness. The social issues they have

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Child psychologist showing happy and sad emotion faces cards to child with autism spectrum disorder. Caregivers spend a lot of time in appointments.

Autism Treatment Options

Autism Treatment Options   There are many different types of treatments available. For example, auditory training, discrete trial training, vitamin therapy, anti-yeast therapy, facilitated communication, music therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and sensory integration. The different types of treatments can generally be broken down into the following categories: Behavior and Communication Approaches Dietary Approaches Medication

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Mental Health Stigma

Mental Health Problems Misunderstood by Public   Many people misunderstand the nature of mental illness. Movies, novels, and myths tell of people with mental illnesses committing terrible crimes. As a result, many fear mental illness because they don’t understand it. A lack of knowledge about why those with certain mental illnesses act as they do

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Children with Learning Disorders Struggle to Learn in One or More Areas

Learning Disorders fall under intellectual disabilities as a subgroup. Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of learning. The learning limitation, however, has no impact on overall intelligence or motivation to learn. Examples of common learning disorders include: Dyslexia – difficulty with reading Dyscalculia – difficulty with

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Children with disabilities qualify for Medicaid quicker than adults because they usually do not have income or assets that limit direct access.

Intellectual Disabilities Struggle with Learning and Communication

Intellectual Disabilities Struggle with Learning and Communication   An injury, disease, or problem in the brain occurring before birth or after birth up to eighteen usually causes intellectual disabilities. Individuals with intellectual disabilities struggle when trying to learn new things or communicate their thoughts or needs. Broad Spectrum of Disabilities Just as communication and learning

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